日期: October 13, 2021
Photo Caption: A new Antarctic deep ice core will be drilled at the Little Dome C site in the coming years and optimal tools will be developed in the quest to unlock the climate and environmental secrets of the oldest ice (Credit: BAS).
Picarro is proud to support important climate science. We are a non-academic partner of the DEEPICE project, an innovative training network in instrumentation, ice core analysis, statistical tools, and glaciological and climatic modelling. Our highly precise water isotope analyzers have been used to measure stable isotope signatures of ice in many of the DEEPICE field campaigns in Antarctica. For the new European collaboration described below, we’re excited to support training schools and host an intern to assist in the development of new analytical methods for ice core measurements. Read on.
A network of international researchers has launched a European collaboration. This collaboration will train a new generation of scientists to understand how past climate changes impacted Antarctica
The new European innovative research and training network “DEEPICE” aims to equip the next generation of scientists with a solid background in ice core-related climate science, with a particular focus on Antarctica. This project will also tackle major technological and scientific challenges in order to optimally exploit the Beyond EPICA - Oldest Ice Core that will be extracted by a large European team in Antarctica in the coming years, to recover up to 1. 5 million years. Ultimately, these initiatives will answer key questions about large climate shifts that Earth faced in the past, and their impacts on the Antarctic ice sheet.
Climate changes in Antarctica may have important consequences for our society, as these may impact future global sea level due to the large volume of fresh water stored in the ice sheet. Hence, on the eve of the next Conference of the Parties (COP26), understanding climate changes and the vulnerability of the Antarctic ice sheet is a priority issue more than it ever has been before. As younger generations will inherit a planet that will look much different to today, they need to receive appropriate information to help them take actions in confronting one of the largest environmental crises humanity is facing. Not only will DEEPICE prepare a network of young climate scientists, but it will also give them the much-needed skills to efficiently communicate the issue of climate change with the general public.
Through the PhD projects of 15 fellows, the new program will prepare the tools for optimal use with very old ice cores, developing cutting-edge instrumental techniques, state-of-the-art statistical tools for signal reconstruction and coupled climate models. These outputs will directly contribute to better understanding past processes in the climate system and, thus, improving prognoses for the future. This European network will also offer unique links with many non-academic partners that will provide these young scientists with the extended skill-set now required for pursuing academic and non-academic careers.
Dr Amaëlle Landais is a CNRS research director at the Laboratory for Sciences of Climate and Environment (LSCE) and the lead coordinator of the DEEPICE network. She says: “Climate change is a major challenge for society today. New generations must be given the best tools to meet this challenge.”
Dr Emilie Capron is a CNRS research scientist at the Institute of Environmental Geosciences (IGE) and the co-coordinator of the new research and training network. She says: “The study of past climate is key to understanding the way our climate system works and how it might change in the future.”
Prof. Carlo Barbante from the University of Venice is the Leader of the BE-OI project. He says: “The quest for Oldest Ice is one of the most intriguing and enigmatic challenges in the field of climate sciences. To tackle it, we need the best young talented scientists.”
Dr Magdalena Hofmann is an Application Scientist at Picarro. She says: "Analyzing ice cores sets the highest demands for analytical equipment with respect to robustness, precision and flexibility. We are proud that our analyzers continue to be the instrument of choice within the DEEPICE project by world-class scientists and their talented and ambitious junior fellows to study past climate changes.”
This EU innovative research and training network features 10 research organisations and universities as well as 10 partner organisations from the academic and non-academic sectors. It began in January 2021 and will continue until December 2024. By October 1st, 2021, all graduate students will have started their research project.
Beneficiaries: CNRS (Coordinator), France; Alfred Wegener Institut, Germany; University of Bergen, Norway; University of Bern, Switzerland; Utrecht University, Netherlands; Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy; Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium; University of Copenhagen, Denmark; University of Lund, Sweden; UK Research and Innovation- British Antarctic Survey, United Kingdom Partner organisations: TOFWERK AG, Switzerland; Past Global Changes, Switzerland; Schäfter & Kirchhoff GmbH, Germany; University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy; Air Liquide, France; PICARRO, USA; University of Art London – Central Saint Martins, United Kingdom; Teledyne CETAC Technologies, USA; Interscience BVBA, Belgium ; Risk Management Solutions, USA.