Hydrology

Follow water isotopes
through space and time.

Hydrology

Hydrology

Water isotope studies are a critical tool for understanding the global water cycle and addressing issues concerning water availability, quality and transport.

Picarro’s CRDS instruments make this type of research more accessible than ever before. Rather than dealing with the time, effort and uncertainties of transporting bottled samples to the lab, you can take our analyzers to remote locations and make measurements in the field, in real-time.

Locations, experiments and data will be more closely connected, making previously intractable scientific problems far more manageable.

Consider what it could do for your research.

  • Precipitation is isotopically labeled according to weather patterns associated with cloud formation and the specific location of rainfall. By mapping this isotopic distribution, it’s possible to track storms and understand climatic processes.
  • Monitor the movement of water through streams and rivers, underground aquifers, groundwater leaching or even within metabolic processes.

Research Applications

Groundwater quality

A group of researchers at the University of Vienna used a Picarro water isotope analyzer to measure the δD and δ18O of groundwater, as well as other parameters, to analyze the impact of groundwater on groundwater-fed gravel pit lakes (GPLs)

Get more from the paper: Positive and negative impacts of five Austrian gravel pit lakes on groundwater quality.

Water flow and circulation

The isotopic composition of depth-profiled water from several locations within Lake Geneva allows for tracing of Rhône River water.

Get more from the paper: Mixing of Rhône River Water in Lake Geneva (Switzerland-France) inferred from stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope profiles.

Hydrogeochemical studies for sequestration

A research team from four academic institutions in China used a Picarro water isotope analyzer to measure groundwater recharge, flow pattern, age and mixing processes in saline aquifers. This research aids in the understanding of storage capacity and long-term security between hydrogeologic units when considering potential CO2 sequestration sites.

Get more from the paper: Hydrogeochemical and isotopic evidence for trans-formational flow in a sedimentary basin: Implications for CO2 storage.

Related Products

  • L2130-i – Highest precision, simultaneous δD and δ18O analysis for H2O via continuous vapor sampling, automated discrete liquid sampling and extraction of matrix-bound waters from organic solids
  • L2140-i – Simultaneous, high-precision measurement of δ18O, δD and 17O-excess in liquids and vapor